Schools of Thought
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a broad term used to describe interventions that are designed to assist individuals in becoming aware of how their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are connected. Cognitive behavioral therapy directly addresses how ones thinking impacts and influences the individual’s behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy brings awareness to distortions and in accurate ways of thinking, which contribute to unhappiness in self and relationships.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
Dialectical behavioral therapy focuses on mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotional regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness to achieve positive relationships with self and others. DBT promotes individuals to work from a wise mind, rather than the emotional or rational mind to find solutions to problem. DBT helps individuals recognize thinking patterns such as all or nothing thinking and move towards multiple solutions for any one issue. This helps promote change in the client’s thinking patterns
to see multilabel sides of any situation.
Solution Focused Therapy
Solution focused therapy is a brief therapy aimed at solving issues for problems that clients are having a difficult time with. Solution Focused therapy is a positive approach that allows client and counselor to find ways in which they can provide strategies to solve issues. Solution focused therapy usually helps when working with smaller issues, although can provide a base towards resolution for bigger problems.
Although no one approach is going to solve every problem, but providing a foundation to work from is an important part of the counseling process. Theories allow counselor and client to work towards a positive therapeutic relationship with a foundation to begin exploration from.